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Australian Terrier breed Information

Australian Terrier Dog Breed: The Ultimate Guide 2020

Are you thinking about introducing a new furry member into your family and wondering what breed to choose? Looking for a family dog? Look no further! Australian Terriers are affectionate and love nothing more than belonging to a family. With an Aussie, you get a lot of personality in a tiny package. This guide explains the characteristics, vital stats, fun facts, history, average size, personality, and general health of an Australian Terrier.


So let’s dive right in.

What Are The Characteristics Of Australian Terrier

The Australian Terriers, commonly known as Aussies, are small dogs with tenacious personalities. These dogs are energetic, fun-loving, brave, and outgoing. The small and mighty Aussie carries the confidence of a large dog. They require daily playtime and walk to stay happy and healthy. 


Being an affectionate dog breed, Australian Terrier is a wonderful companion. They are extremely people-oriented and are the happiest bonding with their families. They are energetic dogs that require daily playtime and walk to stay happy and healthy.  Developed as working dogs, Aussies are intelligent with high concentration levels. Being a classic terrier, the Aussie is very alert, tenacious, and independent, They even make an excellent watchdog. 


We have listed below Australian Terrier dog breed characteristics. This list is meant to be a general guideline for Australian Terrier’s characteristics. Let’s have a look at them:


1. Adaptability

Australian Terriers are moderately good at adapting to different environments. They have an average of 3 out of 5 stars adaptability level. Nevertheless, this should not scare you since they can adapt to any situation if trained early.


Here are more attributes on adaptability and how they have been rated:

    • Adapts well to apartment living: If you live in apartments, then this dog is a suitable option for you. Australian Terriers are excellent apartment dwellers due to their small size. However, they're not couch potatoes. They are active when indoors and so for apartment living, they score 5 out of 5 stars. 
    • Good for novice owners:  When it comes to novice owners, an Australian Terrier scores 3 out of 5 stars. This shows they are moderately suitable for first-time parents. 
    • Sensitivity level: This breed is not very sensitive and has a sensitivity level of 2 out of 5 stars. Aussies are tolerant and easy-going. They can easily handle inconsistent or variable routines as well as noisy and chaotic households. 
  • Tolerates being alone: This breed needs attention and does best when kept near a human companion. They have a very low tolerance for being alone. They score 2 out of 5 stars for being suited to be alone. To keep an Aussie, you should be able to provide enough hours of daily companionship and daily play sessions with a ball or toy.
  • Tolerates cold weather: Aussies are moderately tolerant of cold weather. They have a 3 out of 5 stars tolerance to cold weather.
  • Tolerates hot weather: They have a high tolerance for hot weather and are not that vulnerable to overheating. They hold 4 stars out of 5 for their ability to adapt to hot weather.

2. All-Around Friendliness

Australian Terriers are playful and can form solid-bonds and prove to be good companions. These dogs are affectionate with family but have a low tolerance for other dogs. They have 3 out of 5 stars all around friendliness


This factors contributing to their adaptability score are:

  • Affection with family: Aussies are loving and affectionate dogs and shower the whole family with love and loyalty. Hence they hold 4 stars out of 5 for being affectionate with family.
  • Kid-friendly: Australian Terrier is moderately suitable in a household with small children. This breed is friendly with children but should still be supervised during playtime. They possess 2 out of 5 stars for being kid-friendly. 
  • Dog friendly: This is not a dog-friendly breed and holds 2 out of 5 stars rating. They can be scrappy with other dogs of the same sex but early socialization will help deter this behavior. They are best suited to a one-dog household. 
  • Friendly towards strangers: Australian Terriers are moderately friendly towards strangers. This breed possesses 3 out of 5 stars for being friendly to strangers. 

3. Health And Grooming Needs


Australian Terriers are known to be healthy dogs but are prone to certain hereditary diseases. They do not shed much and are easy to groom. They are rated at 3 stars out 5 for health and grooming needs. 


The reasons that contribute to this score are:


  • Amount of shedding: The Aussie sheds very little hair. They hold 1 out of 5 stars for the amount of shedding. 
  • Drooling potential: They have a very low drooling potential and do not drop saliva uncontrollably from their mouth. They hold a rating of 1 out of 5 stars in the drooling department. If you're a neatnik, Australian Terriers may be a good choice for you.  
  • Easy to groom: Australian Terrier is an easy-to- groom breed. They are brush-and-go dogs and hold 5 out of 5 stars for ease of grooming. 
  • General health: This is generally a pretty healthy breed and possesses 5 out of 5 stars when it comes to his general health. They are at risk of contracting some of the diseases like Leg Perthes, diabetes mellitus, patellar luxation, and allergies. A healthy diet and regular vet check-ups are essential to help your Aussie hit his life expectancy. 
  • Potential for weight gain: Australian Terriers do not tend to put on weight easily. They have a moderate potential to gain weight with 3 out of 5 stars. A good weight for an Aussie should be 4 - 6 kg.
  • Size: This is a small-sized dog with an average weight of up to 23 - 28 cm. Aussie holds 1 out of 5 stars for breed size.

4. Trainability


Australian Terriers should be trained gently, but with determination. They have high training experience of 4 out of 5 stars.


Let's have a look at the factors for their high trainability score:


  • Easy to train: Australian Terriers hold 3 out of 5 stars. They sometimes tend to be stubborn and independent that makes training difficult. Hitting or yelling at them will only have negative effects. 
  • Intelligence: They have high intelligence and concentration levels. They score 4 out of 5 stars in intelligence level.
  • Potential for mouthiness: Aussies have a very low tendency to nip, chew, or play-bite people. They have a 1 out of 5 stars potential for mouthiness. 
  • Prey drive: They have a naturally high prey drive and will tend to chase and potentially catch something. They hold a 5 out of 5 stars rating for prey drive.
  • The tendency to bark or howl: Australian Terriers have 5 out of 5 stars barking potential. This is something that could be maddening if you hate noise. If you are considering a watchdog, with an area full of suspicious strangers, this breed would be a great choice. This tendency of barking is sometimes annoying for neighbors.
  • Wanderlust potential: Aussies have a strong desire for exploring the world. They have 4 out of 5 stars for wanderlust potential. 

5. Physical Needs


The Australian Terrier is a playful and high energy dog and has high physical needs of 5 out of 5 stars. If these dogs are allowed to get bored and are not walked regularly, they can become destructive and start to display behavioral problems. 


The reasons for high physical needs are discussed below:


  • Energy level: These pint-sized Aussies are bundles of energy. They have a high energy level rated at 5 out of 5 stars. They need regular activities to maintain good health and condition. Insufficient exercise may lead to boredom, unhappiness, and undesirable behaviors. 
  • Intensity: They are highly vigorous dogs possessing 5 out of 5 stars intensity levels. 
  • Exercise needs: Aussies need regular exercise and physical activities. This breed needs daily exercise. They are rated at 4 out of 5 stars for exercise needs. 
  • Potential for playfulness: One of the things we appreciate about Australian Terrier dogs is their playfulness. They are highly playful and have a playfulness potential of 5 out of 5 stars. Encourage his playful nature through activities like fetch, tracking, agility, and flyball.


After having a look at the breed characteristics, the Australian Terrier dog breed sounds like a great choice to buy or adopt. 

Important Stats You Should Know About Australian Terrier Dogs



Let’s have a look at the important stats that you need to know about Australian Terrier dog breeds:



Dog Breed Group/Purpose

ANKC: Group 2: Terriers

AKC Classification: Terrier Group

UKC Classification: Group 7: Terrier

Grooming Needs


Coat Length

Long (Double coat)

Average Height

23 - 28 cm

Weight Range

4 - 6 kg

Energy Level


Social/Attention Needs


Tendency to Dig


Tendency to Bark


Tendency to Snore


Life Expectancy

About 15 years or more

Litter Size

Average of 4 puppies

More Fun Facts About Australian Terrier Breed

Here are some fun facts about Australian Terriers:


  • The Australian Terrier is a small dog breed that is native to Australia.
  • This is the first breed that is developed in Australian and recognized worldwide by the Kennel Clubs of other countries.
  • An Australian Terrier must be taught who is in charge as he has his independent moments.
  • They are quick learners and highly energetic. They are ready to entertain their owners all day. Aussies are especially good for children, elderly, and disabled people.
  • Being a classic terrier, they are naturally aggressive at ratters and hedge hunters.
  • Australian Terriers are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound. They are also excellent watchdogs and alert their owners from strangers. They bark very often and you have to be quick to stop them.
  • The Australian Terriers like to dig and they can easily destroy lawn and garden if left unsupervised.
  • The Aussies are adaptable to most climates either hot or cold.
  • Australian Terrier is one of the healthiest breeds, with fewer genetic defects than most other terriers. They are prone to diseases like leg-perthes, diabetes mellitus, patellar luxation, and allergies.  
  • Aussies were bred to be courageous, hardworking, and all-purpose exterminators.

What Is The Origin Of Australian Terrier Dog Breeds

Australian Terriers are born in Tasmania, Australia, and are among the smallest of the working terriers.  In Tasmania, the Rough Coated Terrier was an all-purpose companion and a relative of the old Scotch dog of Great Britain. Australian Terrier is believed to be the result of interbreeding of Rough Coated Terriers with European breeds like the Cairn, Dandie Dinmont, Norwich, Scottie, Skye, and Yorkshire terriers.


Aussies were bred to be tough, courageous, and all-purpose exterminators, working on rodents and snakes. They used to work in gold mines, on the waterfront, and sheep stations in the outback. Over the years, Aussies have proved to be great watchdogs and shepherds.


The smallest of the terriers are people-oriented companions. European settlers in Australia faced harsh conditions. They served as eternally devoted pets to people living in stressful outposts. Australian Terriers are striking in appearance and can work in all kinds of weather.

Australian Terrier is the first breed of Australia to be recognized worldwide by the Kennel Clubs of other countries. Aussies were first shown as the Australian Rough-Coated Terrier in 1868 in Melbourne. The first club devoted to the breed was founded in Melbourne in 1887. The breed was later renamed as the Australian Terrier in 1897. 


The first standard for the Australian Terrier was written in 1887 in Victoria. Eventually, the Aussies became popular in both British and America. Australian Terrier was recognized by the Kennel Club of England in 1993 and recognized by the AKC in 1960. Today the Australian Terrier ranks 123rd among the dogs registered by the AKC.


Australian Terriers Appearance

The Australian Terrier is a small dog that is long in proportion to height. This compact breed has a strong Terrier character and is tenacious, alert, active, and sound. Aussies come with upright ears and a rough, shaggy coat. The long and strong head assists in developing its hard-bitten, rugged appearance. They move with the free and easy gait of a working dog.


Let’s have a look at coat color, eye color, size, and lifespan of Australian Terriers. 

Coat Color For Australian Terriers

The Australian Terrier is a double-coated breed.  The outer coat is harsh, dense, and straight, while the undercoat is short and soft textured. Aussie’s muzzle, lower legs, and feet are free from long hair.


The Australian Terrier comes in three colors:

  • Blue and tan (tan body with a blue saddle)
  • Sandy
  • Red

The richer and more clearly defined color is considered better.


Australian Terrier Dogs Eye Color

The Australian Terriers have relatively small and oval eyes with a keen expression. The eyes are dark brown and are set well apart and not prominent.

What Is The Average Size Of Australian Terriers

Australian Terriers are small but very sturdy and medium-boned dogs, having been bred to be able to jump and run. Let’s have a look at Aussie’s average height and weight.

  • Average Height
    • 23 - 28 cm


  • Average Weight:
    • 4 - 6 kg


Australian Terriers Lifespan 

Australian Terriers have a life expectancy of around 15 years. This can only be so if proper care and nutrition are given to them. These dogs should be given regular exercise to avoid health problems.

What Are The Different Types Of Australian Terriers


The Australian Terrier is often known as Aussie or Aussie Terrier. This breed is registered with AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 3), KC (GB), UKC and belongs to the “terrier” group. They are the smallest of the working terrier breeds. They are included in the small-sized dog section. There are no further classes and subclasses of Australian terriers.


What You Need to Know About Australian Terrier’s Temperament And Personality

Australian Terrier is an intelligent and alert breed and is known for his big personality. Aussies are bold, courageous, and independent dogs. They need a lot of attention and don't like being left alone. Some of the Aussies are mischievous, outgoing, and into everything. They can also be stubborn about housebreaking.


Aussies are very loyal and devoted companions. They do not respond well to being not part of family life. They enjoy time with their owners whether it’s a training session, a long walk, or just cuddling up on the couch.


It is no surprise that they all Australian Terriers share the following personalities:

  • Courageous: The Aussies display a courageous temperament and remind people of a much larger dog. Their courage is renowned and they will do anything to protect their family if they feel like they are in danger. 
    • Playful: Aussies are playful dogs and they enjoy spending time and playing with their human companions. They must be taught to play nicely from puppyhood. 
    • Barkers: Aussies have high barking potential and are quick to let you know of approaching danger whether in the house or out walking. You have to train them to stop the tendency of excessive barking before it becomes an established habit. 
    • Watchdogs: Australian terriers are reliable watchdogs, and they take pride in protecting their family. An Aussie can be a fierce guardian but is friendly with his family and friends. They are always quick to sound an alarm if they find someone suspicious around the house.
  • Independent: Australian Terriers can be stubborn, willful, dominant, and have an independent mind of their own. They must be taught at an early age that they are not the rulers of the world. If you want to keep an Aussie, you must take on the challenges that go along with his independent nature. 
  • Hunters and Chasers: Like other terrier dogs, the Australian Terrier is born to chase, hunt, and to never give up. Aussies have a high prey drive and when tempted they are single-minded in the pursuit of their prey. They will eagerly chase the neighbor's cat or a squirrel at a park.
  • Diggers: These dogs have a high potential for digging and are born diggers.
  • Intelligent: The is an intelligent breed and so, they are highly trainable due to their desire to please their humans. They have a good memory and can read and react appropriately to human gestures. 
  • Affectionate: An Aussie is an affectionate companion. If socialized properly in puppyhood, this breed makes a superb family dog. They can become anxious and messy because of their separation anxiety. 
  • Aggressive towards other dogs: Australian terriers can be scrappy and confrontational with other dogs of the same sex. They are best suited to a one-dog household.


Like all dogs, Aussies need early socialization and exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences during puppyhood. Socialization helps ensure that your Australian Terrier will be a friendly and well-rounded dog. Many behavioral problems have a root in a dog’s early upbringing. Set limits from the start and your Aussie will be a wonderful companion. 

What Health Problems Are Australian Terriers Prone To?


Australian Terriers are hardy breeds and generally have few health problems. However, like any other breed, there are certain health conditions they are prone to. Aussie has an average rating of 5 stars out 5 for being a healthy dog. They have a lifespan of 15 years or above. If you own or are planning to buy an Australian Terrier, you need to be aware of his health concerns. Let’s have a look into these health problems:


  • Patellar luxation
  • Legg-Perthes
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Allergies


1. Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is the looseness of the kneecap that can result in the dislocation of your Aussie. This happens when the muscles and the tendons that hold the kneecap in place are too weak. This condition is also known as slipped stifles and is a common problem in small breeds. When the kneecap slips, it causes acute pain and your dog will probably yell or bark. This causes a lameness in the leg or an abnormal gait in the dog. 


It is a disease that is present at birth although the actual misalignment or luxation does not always occur until much later. Patellar luxation is diagnosed by an X-Ray and an ultrasound from the vet. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can lead to arthritis in your Australian terrier. 


This disease can be treated with a variety of surgical and non-surgical options. While the knee will often pop back into place, surgery may be required in severe conditions. Ask your veterinarian to examine your Australian terrier’s knees regularly, especially if you notice him limping or hopping while running.

2. Legg-Perthes

Legg-Perthes cause a deformity of the hip joint ball in Australian Terriers. This is a condition in which the head of the femur spontaneously begins to degenerate. This starts with a decrease in the blood supply to the head of the femur bone. Over time, this degeneration will cause inflammation of the hip joint, collapse of the hip, and may lead to arthritis. The exact cause of this condition is unknown but it may be inherited or related to an injury.  It causes a dog to limp on the affected leg. 


This disease is diagnosed by radiographs (x-rays). Treatment includes rest, medical therapy, and surgery. Mild cases can often be managed with medical therapy. In severe cases, surgery is recommended to remove the deformed femoral head and neck. Australian Terriers generally do well after the surgery. Affected dogs should not be used for breeding.

3. Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a fairly common disease in Australian Terriers.  It occurs when your dog's body makes too little insulin, stops producing it completely, or has an abnormal response to insulin. This disease prevents the body from regulating blood sugar levels properly.

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus in Australian Terriers include:

  • Excessive thirst and increase in urination
  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Tiredness or lack of energy
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Loss of eyesight


Diabetes can be controlled by diet and the administration of insulin. Aussies with diabetes mellitus generally require two insulin injections each day. Healthy diet and nutrition is an important component of diabetes management. 

4. Allergies

Australian Terriers are prone to a variety of allergies. They may be allergic to pollens, molds, certain foods, and flea saliva. There are three main types of allergies: 

  • Food-based allergies: These allergies are treated by an elimination process of certain foods from the dog's diet. 
  • Contact allergies: These allergies are caused by a reaction to a topical substance such as bedding, flea powders, dog shampoos, and other chemicals. They are treated by removing the cause of the allergy.
  • Inhalant allergies: These allergies are caused by airborne allergens such as pollen, dust, and mildew. The medication for inhalant allergies depends on the severity of the allergy.

How Should You Take Care Australian Terrier Dogs


Taking care of your Australian Terrier involves a lot of things including feeding, training, and exercises. The Aussie is happiest and does best when living inside with their family. They tend to be aggressive around other dogs, so you must socialize your Aussie puppy. You must give him proper food, take care of his grooming needs, and take him for check-ups to a vet. 


Let’s get down to feeding, grooming, and training requirements of Australian Terriers.

Feeding Your Australian Terrier Dog

Australian Terriers are not a fussy eater and should be fed high-quality dog food. It is also important to ensure that this food is appropriate for the dog’s age range. This will keep your dog in a good physical condition and full of energy. It’s better to feed them with quality dog food instead of human food because they’re readily available and easy to digest.

Best Dog Food For Australian Terriers

The amount of food given to Australian Terriers may vary depending on age, physical activity, and environment, so it should be adjusted accordingly. 


To keep your Australian Terriers healthy and active, you should give them dog foods that are tailored to meet their needs. Never feed your Aussie any dog food that does not meet international standards. You must know the best dry dog food for your Australian Terrier should be elaborated on the recommendations of veterinary dieticians. 


Clean and freshwater should be made available to your dog at all times. Make sure to wash water and food bowls very often. While introducing a new dog food brand, always start with the recommended amount and monitor your dog’s weight and make adjustments accordingly. When you are switching from one dog food to another, allow 7 - 10 days for the transition. 


The following are some of the best dog foods you can give your Australian Terriers:

  1. Bella Natural Dry Small Dog Food With a Blend of Real Turkey & Chicken

  • Natural formula with added Vitamins and Minerals 
  • No Artificial Colors, Flavors or Preservatives 
  • Made with Real Turkey as the #1 Ingredient  
  • Nutrient-Rich to help support the higher metabolism of small dogs 
  • Protein-Rich to help support strong muscles  
  • Antioxidant blend tailored to help support the immune system of small dogs 
  • Supports health throughout the longer life expectancy of small dogs 
  • Combines crunchy kibble and tender, easy-to-chew shreds 


Recommended Daily Feeding Amounts


Weight Range (kg)



1.4 - 5.4

1/2 - 1-1/4

48 - 120

5.9 - 9.1

1-1/4 - 1-3/4

120 - 167


  1. Purina ONE SmartBlend Small Bites Beef & Rice Formula Adult Premium Dog Food


  • Dry dog food with real beef as the first ingredient blended with other high-quality protein sources
  • Helps support strong muscles, including a healthy heart
  • Omega-6 helps give your dog a radiant coat and healthy skin
  • Highly digestible so more nutrition goes to work inside your dog
  • Natural sources of glucosamine to help support healthy joints
  • Dual defense antioxidant blend of Vitamins E & A along with minerals zinc and selenium
Recommended Daily Feeding Amounts


Weight Range (kg)


1.4-5.4 kg

1/3 to 1 cup

5.9-9.1 kg

1 to 1-1/3 cups


  1. Purina Dog Chow Little Bites Small Breed Dog Food


  • Made with real chicken and beef
  • Protein-dense bites support small dogs’ higher metabolisms
  • 100% complete & balanced for adult small dogs
  • 23 vitamins & minerals
  • Small crunchy kibble pieces are easy to chew and help clean teeth
  • Crafted safely and thoughtfully in the USA


Recommended Daily Feeding Amounts


Weight Range (kg)


1.4-5.4 kg

1/2 to 1 cup

5.9-9.1 kg

1-1/8 to 1-1/2 cups

  1. Beyond Organic Small Dog Chicken, Egg & Carrot Recipe Natural Dry Dog Food


  • USDA Organic
  • #1 Ingredient is organic free-range chicken, raised with no antibiotics
  • 100% complete and balanced recipe for adult dogs
  • Nutrient-dense & antioxidant-rich
  • Organic ingredients with added vitamins, minerals and nutrients


Recommended Daily Feeding Amounts


Weight Range (kg)


1.4-5.4 kg

1/3 to 3/4 cups

5.9-9.1 kg

1 to 1-1/4 cups

  1. Beneful IncrediBites Small Dog Dry Food with Farm-Raised Beef

  • Nutrient-rich recipe formulated specifically for small dogs 
  • Real, farm-raised beef is the #1 ingredient 
  • Made with accents of carrots and peas 
  • No artificial flavors or preservatives 
  • 26 grams of high-quality protein per cup to help maintain strong muscles 
  • 23 vitamins and minerals to support overall health and wellness 
  • 100% complete & balanced for adult small dogs 
  • Great dog-loved taste 
  • Thoughtfully crafted in our own USA facilities  


Recommended Daily Feeding Amounts


Weight Range (kg)


1.4-5.4 kg

1/2 to 1-1/4

5.9-9.1 kg

1-1/4 to 1-2/3


Best Dog Food For Australian Terrier Puppies


Dog foods for Australian Terrier puppies:


Grooming Your Australian Terrier Dog



The Australian Terrier sheds minimally and is easy to groom. Unlike many other breeds, with Australian Terriers the harsher the hair the better. They are generally low-maintenance dogs. The impressive double coat is durable, waterproof, and is quite effective in repelling mud, and dirt. Their coat’s harshness aids its dirt-repelling ability. 


Let’s have a look at Aussie’s grooming needs:


  • The Australian Terrier’s coat will tangle underneath if it is not combed at least once or twice a week. Regular brushing, once a week keeps the coat in good condition. Brush with a bristle brush, using a spray conditioner where the coat is dry. A wide-toothed metal comb should easily glide through the coat with no resistance down to the skin.
  • Australian Terriers only need an occasional bath or if he is exceptionally dirty. Over-bathing is not recommended for these dogs. Shampooing softens the hair and thus decreases their dirt-repelling ability. When bathing them, use a good quality pH-balanced shampoo and conditioner. 
  • Brush an Australian Terrier's teeth two to three times per week to maintain good oral health. This will help to remove bacteria and tartar buildup. Use toothpaste specifically designed for canines, as human toothpaste can be harmful to dogs.
  • Trim your Aussie's nails regularly to avoid splitting and discomfort. This will keep the dog's feet in good condition and keep your legs from getting scratched when your dog enthusiastically jumps up to greet you. Make sure not to cut them too short, as doing so can cut into the vein in the nail. If you let your dog run over concrete, his nails will be filed down naturally.
  • Your Aussie’s eyes should be clear with no redness or discharge.
  • Dirt, debris, and moisture can get trapped inside an Australian Terrier's ears and become infected. Once a week, check your dog's ears, and if needed clean inside the ear with a cotton ball and a gentle cleanser. Ears should smell good with no exceptional amount of wax.
  • When you groom your Aussie, look inside his mouth and ears. Check for allergies, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin. 


Your regular grooming and careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards.


Tools used to groom Australian Terriers

Arming yourself with the right grooming tools will help you keep your dog looking great. When it comes to finding tools that can be used for grooming your Aussies, here is a list that can help:

  • Wide-toothed metal comb
  • Pin brush 
  • Thinning Shears
  • Slicker brush 
  • Grooming Rake
  • Dog Nail clippers
  • High-quality dog shampoo and conditioner
  • Dog Toothbrush and toothpaste
  • Ear cleaning solution and cotton balls


Exercising Your Australian Terrier


Despite the small size, Australian Terriers are quite active dogs. They need regular exercise and mental stimulation to protect their heart, reduce health problems, stimulate their appetite, and prevent excessive weight gain. This also helps to avoid boredom leading to behavior issues. 


Every dog is different so the energy levels and exercise requirements can vary from dog to dog. Let us help you figure out what should be done.

How Should You Exercise Your Australian Terrier

Being a high-energy breed, Aussies can become problematic if his exercise needs are not met. Exercising your Australian Terrier should not be a burden for you or your dog. Like all growing canines, Aussie puppies shouldn’t be exercised so much until they are at least one year of age. You can meet their exercise requirements by:


    • Walking: This is the easiest way to exercise your Aussie. The length of the daily walk should ideally be around 20 minutes. The daily walk is essential for Australian Terriers not only to release some pent-up energy but to help them socialize and stimulate their mind with the sights, sounds, and smells they come across. Some dog parks have a track that you can utilize for walking. 
    • Running, and Jogging: A short run or jog can do them the world of good and burn off a good deal of energy.
    • Fetch Games: The Aussies are great chasers and fetch games will help to burn pent-up energy. You will need a small and tough ball or toy, suitable for dogs and ask him to fetch the ball.
    • Agility exercises: Australian Terriers are agile dogs and are good at this type of activity. You can set up an agility or obstacle course in your backyard. Include tasks such as the weave, tunnels, or jumping through hoops or a platform to jump on and stay. Don’t forget to grab some treats for your dog through the course.
  • Tug of War: Aussies love tug of war almost as much as we do and they can play it for hours. Remember that you'll need a strong rope toy and supervise the game if kids are playing. While playing tog of war, it’s important to ensure that your Aussie doesn’t become too aggressive. It should be a controlled game and they release when you want them to.
  • Find The Treat: This is a fun game for Aussies but a more relaxed game for you. It is played by hiding your treats around the house and is a great way to keep them occupied and steal away an hour for yourself. Remember, the more treats you give them, the more energy they will have. So, instead of treats, you can hide their favorite toys. Some Australian Terriers will take to the game very quickly, but for others, it will take a little longer.


This is an intelligent breed and can fairly understand your commands and learn by positive reinforcement techniques. You can praise them or give treats as a reward. Punishments and harsh words will damage their temperament.


Training Your Australian Terrier

Developed as working dogs, Aussies are intelligent and quick learners. Aussies are energetic and are considered moderately trainable. They are smart and can easily get bored with repetitive training. Due to their willful and stubborn sides, keeping your Aussies engaged in training is challenging. There are many reasons why a dog may develop bad habits and bark excessively. Let’s have a look at some of the reasons:


  • Poor socialization
  • Loneliness and boredom
  • Enthusiasm
  • Frustration
  • Hereditary factors and health issues
  • Lack of training


All you need to do is be to be consistently firm and patient with him but not harsh. He will turn out to be a perfect companion. This strong-willed pup responds very well to positive reinforcement training. Keep training fun, dynamic, and increasingly challenging to captivate your Aussie’s interest. Praising your Australian Terrier and showering with treats during training is rewarding for you and them. Your Aussie puppy will need to undergo the following training:


1. Training an Australian Terrier Puppy

Aussies are moderately easy to train and score 3 out of 5 stars for ease of training. Early training and socialization with people and other dogs are very important for your Australian Terrier and will keep their temperament from getting out-of-control. A well-trained Aussie makes it easier to handle at places like parks and the vet clinic. 


If the training experience is pleasant, your dog will love it. If it is uncomfortable, your dog will show resistance. If you have got an Australian Terrier puppy, here is what you should do:


  • It's easier to train an Aussie puppy when you don't let him loose in your house. Confine your puppy in a small area and then introduce him to the rest of the house.
  • Before your pup explores the house, make sure that the house is completely puppy-proof. 
  • The ideal time to start training is when the pup is 8-12 weeks old. By this time, they have weaned from their parents and ready for training.
  • Follow a training schedule rather than cherry-picking different training on different timings.
  • Use a balanced training method for your Aussie pup, based on respect and leadership.
  • If you are unable to devote much time, it’s better to enroll your Australian Terrier puppy in puppy kindergarten. Your puppy will learn basic manners and how to behave around other dogs. 
  • Socialize your Aussie as much as you can. Make sure your puppy gets to encounter all kinds of people, animals, and objects in different places. 
  • Avoid using choke chains and shock collars during training sessions.
  • Train your Australian Terrier puppies to understand the basic commands like sit, stay, and lie down.


2. Crate-Train Your Australian Terrier

Crate training is a very important step in Australian Terrier ownership. Many dogs view crates like a nightmare prison. Establish the proper mindset that crate training isn't "imprisoning" your dog. 


Crate training your Aussie may take some time and effort but can be useful in a variety of situations like it offers your dog a safe place while traveling. Take crate training slowly and make the whole experience pleasant for your pup. Here is how you can crate-train your Aussie:


  • The crate should be of sufficient size for Australian Terrier to stand up and turn around.
  • Place the crate in a room where your dog spends a lot of time and introduces him to the crate. 
  • Place a few treats and a pile of toys in the middle of his crate and then place your pup inside next to them. Close the door and leave him alone for five minutes to explore.
  • If your pup decides to bark to show his displeasure, let him go on until he gets tired of complaining. Then praise him, give him a treat, and let him out.
  • Make the crate comfortable for your pup. Have several toys for the crate and rotate them so that the Aussie may not get bored.
  • Note: Dogs should never, ever have collars on when they’re in the crate. This is hazardous and the dog may choke themselves.


3. House Train Your Australian Terrier

Housebreaking is one of the main challenges of many dog owners. Aussies are energetic and difficult to train, so trying to house train them may require quite a bit of effort. Patience is required as this may take much time. If you already crate-trained him, housetraining him will be very easy. 


Housebreaking is far easier when your Aussie pup respects what you say. Having a set method will help smooth the way through this initial stage.


  • Keep the puppy on a regular feeding schedule and be consistent with it.
  • Give regular or constant access to the bathroom place to go. Pick a bathroom spot outside, and always take your puppy to that spot.
  • You can take your Aussie pup outside frequently and immediately after they wake up, during and after playing, and after eating or drinking.
  • Give your Australian Terrier puppy at least six bathroom breaks a day. Don’t punish them for accidents like urinating in the house.
  • Don’t punish them for their mistakes. House training requires positive reinforcement techniques. Your puppy needs to know when he does something good and reward them with praise and treats.                        
4. Train the Australian Terrier To Walk On A Leash

Leash training can be difficult for Australian Terriers, but it's essential especially if the two of you are to enjoy walks and adventures together. When your dog is on a leash, be patient until he’s calm before you walk him out.


  • First thing to make sure is that you must have the right equipment. Choose the right type of leash and collar for your Aussie.
  • Start by introducing your Australian Terrier to the collar or harness and leash. 
  • Make the puppy come to you and reward him when he comes to you.
  • When your dog is on a leash, don’t allow him to pull it. When he starts to pull, stand still and he’ll realize that what he is doing is not pleasing.
  • First practice leash training inside the house with little distractions.
  • Once your Australian Terrier is comfortable inside, repeat this training in many different settings, and at many different places.
  • Walk at a quick pace when leash training. It keeps your Aussie more focused on walking.
  • Keep training sessions short, frequent, and don’t exhaust your dog.

Structure and consistency are the most important factors that will impact how successful you are with Aussie training tasks. Here are some of the training that you need to do with your Australian Terrier puppy:


  • Socialization with other people and pets.
  • Leash training
  • Crate training
  • Potty training
  • Basic commands like sit, stay, go, shake-hand, etc.
  • Obedience training 

Are the Australian Terriers Good With Children And Other Pets? 

Australian Terrier is an affectionate and playful breed and makes a good family dog. Aussies crave being part of playing with children. You should always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children, no matter how friendly and loving a dog maybe. Be sure that any small child around a dog is taught how to interact with dogs respectfully and gently.


If you already have another pet dog, the Aussie won’t be a great choice. Australian Terriers are not dog-friendly and are attimes aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex. Early socialization and obedience training may help curb this behavior. However, owners should remain vigilant and supervise interactions with other pups. 


Australian Terrier Dogs Key Takeaways: Choosing An Australian Terrier Breeder


So, ready to bring an Aussie puppy home? Remember that this breed is highly energetic and does not tolerate being alone. Before your little friend comes home with you, you must prepare your home and puppy-proof every area. Also, ask yourself the following questions:


  • Can you afford to own an Aussie in terms of food, vet fees, and pet insurance?
  • Is everyone in your family fully on board with the idea of an Australian Terrier dog?
  • Australian Terrier is not dog-friendly. If you already have a pet, will the Aussie tolerate this housemate?
  • How much time can you dedicate to your Australian Terrier each day? 
  • Do you have the time and resources needed for proper training? Aussies need a lot of attention and around twenty minutes of exercise every day.
  • Australian Terriers do not tolerate being left alone, will he have company at home if you’re working late or traveling?


Aussie puppies are heartwarming, adorable, and hard to resist. You have your routines, and your pup is going to need to get along with those. Here is what you should look for in an Australian Terrier puppy:


  • Behavior and Social Attributes: Australian Terrier puppies should be friendly and should freely socialize. Over dominating, puppies and the ones who don’t socialize are a red flag.
  • Living Conditions: Have a look at the living conditions of your Australian Terrier puppy. Are the kennels clean and pups being kept in hygienic conditions?
  • Health: Some Aussies are born with serious health problems that will simply break your heart and empty your wallet. Key features of a healthy Aussie puppy are:
    • He smells good 
    • Is friendly with a wagging tail
    • He trots around confidently and plays with his littermates 

Look out for any signs of poor health like unusual gait, runny nose, laziness, ear or teeth infections, etc. Avoid puppies that show the following signs:

  • Freezes when placed on the ground
  • Trembles while sitting
  • Doesn’t interact with his littermates or with people
  • Parents: There is no better way to see how your Australian Terrier will grow up than by looking at his parents. The breeder should allow you to see the puppy with his mother and the rest of the litter. It will help you to know your Australian Terrier’s temperament, size, and appearance.
  • Vet Records: Ask the breeder to provide you with the vet records, including vaccination cards, for the puppy.
  • Documentation: Verify all paperwork for the Australian Terrier puppy.


If all is well, you should be given the following paperwork:


    • Contract of sale: The breeder should give you a contract of sale or purchase agreement. 
    • Microchipping: The breeder should provide the microchip transfer paperwork which should have the microchip number on it.
    • Vaccination certificate: The breeder should provide a vaccination certificate and should tell you if any have been administered already and when they are due.
  • Registration documents: The Kennel Club Registration paperwork if it is a Kennel Club Registered puppy.
  • Worming and other health records: The breeder should provide the worming records and other health records and certificates for the Aussie puppy and his parents. This may help you to see if there are some hereditary diseases in the puppy or his parents.


Australian Based Breed Organizations For Australian Terrier Dogs


There are plenty of reputable Australian Terrier breeders in Australia and if you do want to buy an Aussie puppy, do your homework carefully to find the best breeders out there. Here are some tips for finding the right Australian Terrier from a breeder.


  • Always buy from a reputable breeder: You must ensure that you are buying from reputable breeders. Good breeders take special care to breed their dogs for good health and temperament.  
  • Meet the Breeder: The best way to get to know a breeder is to meet in person, which might be at their kennel or in their home. 
  • Ask questions that you have got: You need to contact the breeder and have your questions answered. 
  • Check the living conditions of the pup you want: You must visit the pup before bringing him to your home. In this way, you will get to know the kind of conditions Aussie puppies have been exposed to.


If you are in Australia and would want to get an Australian Terrier pup, get in touch with any of the following breed organizations.


Rescue Groups For Australian Terrier Breeds In Australia

A dog rescue group rescues unwanted and abandoned dogs from a variety of sources and places them, through adoption, with new owners. These rescue groups help protect animals from all sorts of hazards and want you to provide the perfect new home for a rescued dog. 


Vital Reasons For A Successful Rehoming

Rehoming is for dogs that are abandoned, or lost and unclaimed by anyone. When you rehome a rescue dog, you will give an abandoned dog the chance of a happy future. Here are some of a great many reasons for rehoming of the dog:

  • If the owner needs to move to some other place where it’s not possible to keep a dog.
  • If the cost of dog maintenance is not possible at the owner's end.
  • If the owner is very busy and does not have time for the dog.
  • If two dogs in the family are seriously fighting and can’t live together.
  • If the dog has a health problem that is beyond the means of the owner to resolve.
  • If the dog has behavioral problems, like displays of aggression and anxiety.
  • If there is deterioration in the health of the owner and is no longer capable of taking care of his dog.
  • If the owner has died leaving no instructions for his/her dogs.


Do you know about any Aussie who needs fostering? Below are some of the rescue groups around Australia that you can contact:


Parting Shot On Australian Terrier Dog Breeds


Aussies are easily adaptable to all surroundings, travel well and make suitable pets for many homes. Remember that like small kids, our pets are heavily reliant on our care as owners! Now that you know everything about Australian Terrier dog breed, are you going to adopt one from a rescue group or buy one from a breed organization?


Hope you enjoyed reading this article! Did you find this article helpful? Feel free to share your thoughts and questions. We would be happy to hear from you!


Happy Petting!

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