Are you thinking of Buying or Adopting a Great Dane dog? Maybe you already own one but do you know all the vital information about the breed? Worry no more because this is a comprehensive guide with all the details that any Great Dane dog parent should read.
Let’s dive in:
The Great Dane dogs happen to be one of the largest breeds in the world. Despite their colossal size, they’re one of the best-natured dogs because of their affection to owners and gentleness with kids.
They might not be the best in adapting to specific environments but possess the best qualities to be happy about.
Let’s take a look at the characteristics of this gentle giant.
Great Danes are not that good at adapting to some environments. They have an average of 2/5 stars adaptability level. Nevertheless, this should not scare you since they can adapt to any situation if trained early.
This poor adaptability rating is brought about by the fact that:
Great Danes are 100% friendly. They have 5 out of 5 stars all around friendliness, and so you can count on its obedience and loyalty.
This judgment resulted from the following facts:
Great Danes are known to be generally healthy dogs and don't require much grooming. They're rated at 4 stars out 5 for being healthy dogs and ones with less grooming needs.
Below are the reasons towards this:
This dog breed is easy to train and follows instructions to a tee without putting in much effort. It has an excellent training experience of 3 out of 5 stars.
Let's see how we arrived at that:
The towering Great Dane has high physical needs of 5 stars out 5and it comprises of the following:
At a glance, this breed is an excellent choice to raise.
The origin of the Great Dane dog breed can be traced thousands of years ago and are believed to have originated from Germany. They evolved from the English Mastiff but some sources claim that they emerged from Irish Wolfhounds.
Great Danes were initially bred for hunting the powerful Boars, which required a dog with high power and ability to put them down until the hunter arrived.
As days went by, the need to make the Great Dane a watchdog arose. It was no longer needed for its hunting services. The breeders' aim was to convert it into a less aggressive dog that could make a great companion, and they succeeded. However, they can still perform their primary duty - hunting.
Since they became popular among humans, Great Danes dog breeds hold a Guinness World Record for being the tallest dog on the globe. However, this record was recently broken by the Zeus breed, which has an average height of 111 centimeters.
Studies say that some drawings of dogs similar to this breed were found on Babylonian Temples and Egyptian Artifacts. Drawings on the Babylonian Temples were dated 2000 B.C while those on the Egyptian Artifacts were dated 3000 B.C.
Before they were named the Great Danes, they were initially called Boar Hounds (because of their role to hunt Boars) and later called English Gogges in the 16th Century. They were given the name Kammerhundle (Chamber Dogs) around the 1600s. In the 1700s, a French naturalist traveled to Denmark, saw the dog, then decided to call it Grand Danois. This name was later transformed into the Great Danish even though the breed was not bred in Denmark.
Both male and female Great Dane dog breeds have an imposing size and weight.
If you're planning on parenting a Great Dane, you need to ask yourself:
The above information is important because female Great Danes have a height of 76-81 Cm and an average weight of 45-59 Kg. On the other hand, an average male Great Dane’s height ranges from 81-86 Cm with a weight range of 54-90 Kg.
Great Danes have a great personality. They are affectionate, and intelligent dogs who interact well with family members but don't like being left alone.
These dogs are kid-loving and also bond quickly with strangers. However, their anxiety and high sensitivity can make them problematic if clear boundaries are not set. They tend to be protective if they feel like you need to be defended, and therefore, they can bark at strangers who step in their premises.
Great Danes are not excellent jumpers so don't worry about building high raised fences. However, consider burying them deep in the ground because Great Dane puppies are active landscapers who enjoy digging.
If you want to have a well-behaved dog, train it early before it becomes a headstrong dog.
Despite having an average rating of 4 stars out 5 for being a healthy dog, Great Danes have the potential to develop some genetic health complications.
Don't fall for lies from breeders who don't want to provide a health guarantee on puppies. There are no breeds who are 100% healthy.
That said, let's cut to the chase with common health problems that Great Danes can suffer from.
This is a condition that causes bloat. It affects giant breeds mostly as opposed to small dogs.
GDV or Gastric Torsion is a life-threatening problem (can cause death in a matter of hours) that occurs when a dog's stomach is filled with gas or food.
The stomach tends to expand trapping gas and also stopping the blood supply to the stomach.
When a dog is faced with this problem, pressure accumulates in the stomach and becomes difficult to be released. As the situation worsens, the tissues die, and the stomach could even rapture. This issue can cause severe problems to the heart and lungs.
The above signs warrant immediate action, and you should seek a veterinarian immediately.
This is a condition that dogs develop as they grow. A dog suffering from Hip Dysplasia tends to have a loose fit of the hip joint.
Dogs with this problem progressively lose cartilage and could develop scar tissue around the joint and later develop arthritis.
Swelling on your dog's elbow should pose questions. The swelling is not that the dog got hit, but it is Elbow Hygroma, and as time goes by, the swelling grows and feels hard.
The swollen area is usually filled with fluid and it’s never painful but medical attention is essential.
Keep in mind that your dog might not show any signs of discomfort unless the swollen area is infected. Seek medical assistance when you notice this condition.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (Heart Disease) is a common health problem in dogs.
It is a disease that affects the heart muscles making the ventricles lose the ability to contract normally.
The left side of the heart (one which receives blood from the lungs) that pumps blood to the body is the most affected by this ailment, and after some years, it could cause congestive heart failure.
This is a disease that affects neck vertebrae and could stretch its impact on the spinal cord.
This condition can also be referred to as:
Other diseases that a Great Dane dog breed could contract are:
Great Danes are huge and not suitable for apartment living. However, this doesn't mean that they should sleep outside. They have a coat that cannot withstand extremely low temperatures and a jacket will come in handy when temperatures are low.
These dogs are enormous, and you'd think that exercises are not necessary for them. They can put on weight if not exercised. For that case, a 90 minutes training session is required every day.
Despite shedding a lot during spring and fall, grooming can be easily managed using a bristle brush.
These dogs require regular teeth brushing at least twice or three times every week to maintain good oral hygiene and prevent possible gum problems.
Trimming your dog's nail should be a routine at least twice every month. Dogs tend to scratch their nails when long, which could cause splitting and tearing.
Make sure that you clean the outer part of the ears using a cotton ball dampened in a cleaning solution.
Since they have a significant weight of between 45-90 Kg, you should prevent them from jumping, leaning, and leash pulling. Don't allow them to jump and don't take them for morning/evening runs until they're 18 months. This will keep their bones growing and healthy.
A proper diet is vital, especially for a fast-growing giant like the Great Danes.
The amount of food that Great Danes should eat varies with age and gender. It is, therefore, crucial that you liaise with a vet for dieting.
In general, Great Danes should be fed as follows:
Consider feeding your Great Dane with the following dog food.
Great Danes have six recognized coat colors as follows:
These dogs don’t shed for the better part of the year. However, they shed during spring seasons, and because they have a massive body size, this can be a lot of hair to handle.
They require weekly dressing to keep them tidy and healthy.
Great Danes are known for being giant but friendly dogs. Their relationship with children is superb since they enjoy human company. Generally, they’re incredibly loving and gentle.
They are energetic hunting dogs who can tear pets (e.g., cats) into pieces but can be trained to relate well with them. This should be done in their early (young) stages.
If you’re in Australia and would want to adopt a Great Dane dog breed, get in touch with any of the following breed organizations.
Want to share your experience with other Great Dane parents or need one to be rescued? Below are some of the rescue groups around Australia that you can contact.
Great Dane dog breeds are obedient dogs that can transform your homestead. For extremely insecure places, they can be a great asset to provide protection and if you’re into hunting, they make a good hunting dog because of their energy.
Have any questions about this dog breed? Shoot us a comment, and we’ll get back to you ASAP.