Siberian Husky: The Ultimate Breed Guide 2020
Are you looking for a playful companion? Maybe you are interested in buying or adopting a Siberian Husky. Is a Siberian Husky the right breed for you? Worry no more because we have come up with a comprehensive guide that details everything you need to know before you get one of these amazing dogs. This guide explains the characteristics, vital stats, fun facts, history, average size, personality, and general health of a Siberian Husky.
So let’s dive right in.
The Siberian husky is a graceful, athletic dog with high endurance and an eagerness to work. This friendly dog breed, which originated in Northeast Asia as a sled dog, has a vivacious and mischievous personality. Though these are high-energy and sometimes intense dogs, huskies can be affectionate and gentle when given proper care. They were brought to America through Alaska.
If you have an active household and plenty of time to dedicate to your dog, then this might be the dog for you. With proper care and attention, the Siberian husky can make a wonderful companion. This breed can also get along well with children as long as the dog is properly trained and socialized.
We have listed below Siberian Husky dog breed characteristics. This list is meant to be a general guideline for Siberian Husky’s characteristics. Let’s have a look at them:
Siberian Huskies are not that good at adapting to some environments. They have an average of 3 out of 5 stars adaptability level. Nevertheless, this should not scare you since they can adapt to any situation if trained early.
This factors contributing to moderate adaptability score are:
Siberian Huskies are among the most friendly dog breeds. They are playful and have the ability to form solid-bonds and prove to be excellent companions. They have 5 out of 5 stars all around friendliness.
The reasons for their outstanding all-around friendliness are:
Siberian Huskies are known to be generally healthy dogs but they require regular grooming to keep their coat in good condition. They are rated at 3 stars out 5 for health and grooming needs.
The reasons that contribute to this score are:
Siberian Huskies should be trained gently, but with determination. They have good training experience of 4 out of 5 stars.
Let's have a look at the factors for good trainability score:
The Siberian Husky is a playful and high energy dog and has high physical needs of 5 out of 5 stars.
The reasons for high physical needs are discussed below:
After having a look at the breed characteristics, Siberian Huskies sound like a great choice to buy or adopt.
Let’s have a look at some fun facts about Siberian Husky:
The Siberian Huskies have originated in Northern Asia. For centuries, they were used by the Chukchi Tribe, off the eastern Siberian peninsula to pull sleds, herd reindeer, and as a watchdog. The Chukchi people used the dogs as fast transportation and that they interacted with the Chukchi as a family dog. Siberian Huskies often slept with the kids and provided warmth and comfort. They are among the oldest of the dog breeds and genetically, they are part of the Spitz family.
Siberians caught the eye of the public when they began winning sled races in the early 1900s. During the early 20th century, Alaskans grew interested in the breed and the Siberian Husky was imported to Alaska in 1908. Husky was used as sled dogs during the gold rush.
Siberian Huskies made headlines in 1925 when an epidemic of diphtheria had broken out in Nome, Alaska. A legendary musher, Leonhard Seppala, led a relay of Siberian Huskies 658 miles in only five and a half days to rush a lifesaving serum to Nome, Alaska. This exciting “serum run,” had become headline news in newspapers around the world. With this serum run to Nome, Siberians won a huge popularity that has not diminished to this day. Balto, who was lead sled dog on the final stretch of the journey, remains one of the most honored hero dogs in canine history. Balto received a statue for his glorious achievements in New York City’s Central Park in 1925.
Mushers in North America still keep packs of sledding Siberian Huskies for fun and sport. They still enjoy the company of this sociable and gentle companion. They have continued to work as sled dogs but now they are also referred to as incredible companion dogs. It earned recognition by the American Kennel Club in 1930, and later in England, Europe and Australia. They are the 12th most popular breed in the United States according to the AKC.
The great explorer, Sir Douglas Mawson, was the first person to dog sled in Australia. His team of Greenland Huskies were used during his expedition to Antarctica in 1911-1914. Sir Douglas Mawson trained his huskies in the mountains of New South Wales (NSW) in preparation for his long expedition.
During the 1980s, the Siberian Husky has had a tremendous rise in popularity in Australia. Dog sledding in Australia has gained much popularity as a sport over the past 25 years and the sledding community is growing each year. There are many different sled dog sport associations around the country and hold different sledding events.
The Siberian Huskies are medium-sized dogs with a compact body. They are working dogs that are quick and light on their feet and free and graceful in action. They have a thick double-coat and distinctive color markings. Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. Let’s have a look at Husky’s average height and weight.
If you are planning to buy or adopt a Siberian Husky, keep it in mind that this breed is not suitable for apartment living. This dog is highly energetic and needs a fenced yard for running and playing.
The usual Siberian Huskies are very affectionate, playful, and curious. Despite the natural drive for prey, they are not aggressive at all. They are charming and intelligent but sometimes, they can also have mischievous and independent personality traits. They thrive on human companionship but need firm and gentle training right from puppyhood.
Siberian Huskies are pack dogs, and they need an owner who is the clear leader of the pack. They will do everything they can to gain their owner’s affection, trust, and counsel. This makes Husky’s training easier because they will give you respect. The Siberian Husky may test the limits of your position in the pack and tries to take control from time to time. It is important to assert yourself as the alpha of the house immediately by confirming the ground rules with clarity and consistency.
Siberian Huskies do not make good guard dogs because they become friends with everyone. They are quite social and like to show off their talents. Most Huskies are good with other dogs, especially ones they are raised with. They may chase cats and livestock because they have a high prey drive. When bored or not given adequate exercise or left alone, they can be destructive and mischievous.
These are dogs bred to run, and their love of running may overcome their love for their guardians at times. They tend not to be territorial and usually do not bark at other people. Siberian Huskies enjoy howling, which can be very frustrating for your neighbors.
Siberian Husky puppies need socialization and early exposure to many different people, sights, and sounds. This will ensure that your puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.
The Siberian Husky is an overall healthy dog and has an average rating of 4 stars out 5 for being a healthy dog. There are some conditions that may affect this breed. These health concerns include eye issues like Cataracts, Corneal Dystrophy, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Hip Dysplasia, and Hypothyroidism.
If you own or are planning to buy a Siberian Husky, you need to be aware of its health concerns. Let’s have a look into these health problems:
Eye defects in the Siberian Husky are serious and should not be understated or overlooked. A cataract is an opacity on the lens of the eye that causes difficulty in seeing. Cataracts can be hereditary or may result from disease, old age, and trauma to the eye. The dog's eyes may look cloudy or bluish-grey. A cataract can cause a mild decrease in eyesight to complete blindness in severe cases. This disease may affect vision in young adulthood.
Corneal dystrophy is a hereditary disease that affects the cornea or outer transparent portion of the eyeball of Siberian Huskies. Huskies with Corneal dystrophy may experience opaqueness or hazy vision. If your Husky is suffering from this disease, you will notice small white dots in his cornea. It is usually seen in young adults and it generally affects more females. Sadly, there is no therapy for this condition, but it does not seem to affect the vision.
It is a genetic condition in which deterioration occurs in the health of the retina. It can eventually cause blindness from the loss of photoreceptors at the back of the eye. The first sign of this disease is night blindness and affected Siberian Huskies tend to be nervous at night. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is detectable years before the Husky shows any signs of blindness. Dogs that develop PRA should not be used for breeding.
The Siberian Husky has a high incidence of hip dysplasia, an inherited cause of hindlimb lameness. Some Huskies show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. Hip dysplasia is hereditary, but it can also be triggered by environmental factors, such as rapid growth from a high-calorie diet. It can range from mild to severe and a veterinarian can diagnose it using radiography. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred.
Siberian Huskies are medium-sized dogs with a dense, double hair coat that makes the breed able to withstand very low temperatures. Being a friendly and affectionate dog, he can happily live with the family but needs access to a fenced yard that will prevent him from escaping to chase passing cyclists, joggers, and cars.
Siberian Huskies are high endurance, energetic and working dogs. You should expect to participate in daily exercise sessions with your Siberian Huskies. They need to exercise and physical activities to stay healthy and happy. By exercising your Husky, you will prevent health risks and reduce behavioral problems through fun activities.
Exercising your Husky should not be a burden for you or your dog. You can meet their exercise requirements by:
This is an intelligent breed and can fairly understand your commands and learn by positive reinforcement techniques. You can praise them or give treats as a reward. This is a sensitive breed, so punishments and harsh words will make them stubborn and damage their temperament.
Diet is a very important point that contributes to the overall health of your Siberian Husky. If you want your Siberian Husky to be in a good physical condition and full of energy, it is essential to feed him properly. Siberian huskies were bred to require less food than some similarly sized breeds.
A Siberian Husky puppy should be given food three times daily. As he gets older, he will stick to two meals a day. Feed your Siberian Husky at least two hours before they perform any exercise. How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, gender, build, metabolism, and activity level.
Your Siberian Huskies diet should be healthy and include all nutrients. If your dog is on commercial dog food, it must be safe, affordable, and made with high-quality ingredients. The Husky should perform well on high-quality dog food, either manufactured or prepared at home under supervision. Fresh, clean water should be available at all times for this active breed. Most commercial dog food products also provide detailed feeding guides on the food's packaging.
To keep your Siberian Huskies healthy and active, you should give them only dog foods tailored to meet their needs. Consider foods rich in proteins as it will help to maintain lean muscle mass. Never feed your Siberian Husky any dog food that does not meet international standards. You must know the best dry dog food for your Husky should be elaborated on the recommendations of veterinary dieticians.
Consider feeding your Siberian Huskies with the following dog food:
Unlike many breeds, the Siberian husky comes in a wide range of coat colors and patterns. His double coat features medium-length hair. The topcoat is straight and the undercoat feels soft and dense. The coat colors are White, Black, Tan, Sable, Agouti, Light Red, Red or Copper, Silver, Wolf Grey, and Grey. All coat colors can be accompanied by white.
Like most double-coated dogs, Siberian Huskies shed year-round with at least one heavy shed per year. It also depends upon the climate in which they live and how much coat they have. Siberian Huskies living in cooler temperatures tend to shed less than those who live in warmer climates.
Let’s have a look at Siberian Husky’s grooming needs:
Your regular grooming and careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards.
When it comes to finding tools that can be used for grooming your Siberian Huskies, here is a list that can help:
Siberian Huskies have non-aggressive and loving nature and are incredibly affectionate when they are around kids. They prove to be great playmates for children, especially if they are raised with them. They enjoy being part of your family pack. Teach your kids how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and kids.
If you already have another pet dog, the Siberian Husky can be a great choice. They are bred to be pack animals and tend to be friendly with any animals they meet. Take your Husky for a long walk before introducing him to your other pets. This will reduce his energy level and encourage a calm meeting. If you want your Siberian Husky to get along well with other pets you must start early and reward them for appropriate behavior.
Choosing a breeder should be as important as the puppy. If you are in Australia and would want to adopt a Siberian Husky dog breed, get in touch with any of the following breed organizations.
Below are some of the rescue groups around Australia that you can contact.
The Siberian Husky is truly a wonderful breed but it simply cannot be for everyone. Before you adopt a Husky, it is important to take a look at your lifestyle and how accomodating it would be for a Siberian Husky’s needs. It is important to understand that as a dog owner you are responsible for the care and wellbeing of your pet.
Bred as pack animals, Siberian Huskies crave and like companionship. They make great pets for families with children, due to their playful and loving nature. The breed is highly energetic and is likely to get bored, if not exercised properly. Grab your Siberian Husky today and fill your home with happiness caused by this affectionate and friendly dog breed.