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Pomeranian Dog Breed | Ultimate Guide 2020




Are you looking for a detailed guide about Pomeranians before you could bring one at home? Or maybe you already own one? This is an ultimate guide about the Pomeranian dog breed that'll teach you everything regarding parenting Pomeranians without any complications.


What Are The Characteristics Of Pomeranian?


Pomeranians are intelligent, playful and actively friendly dogs. They make great alarm dogs that will alert you of any strange movement in your compound. 

Whether you want it to keep your kid busy or want it to keep you company as you take on your daily chores in your house, it is the right dog for you.

Let's take a look at the characteristics it possesses and how they're rated in each.


1. Adaptability


When it comes to adapting to certain environments, Pomeranian dogs have an overall rating of 3 stars out of 5. They might not be the best at some characters but they're a joy to have them as an additional pet.

Here is breakdown of how they're rated at other attributes:


  • Adapts well to apartment living: These dogs have an overall score of 4 stars out of 5 when it comes to their adaptability to apartment living. Often, small bodied dogs don't make great apartment dogs but that's not the case with Pmeranians. They might be yappy and stubborn but through training, there is nothing to be scared of. Due to their small size, they don't need much space.
  • Good for novice owners: Are you new to dog parenting? Do you feel like it can be a tedious work to raise a Pomeranian? Well, Pomeranian dogs are easier to train and easygoing. In case of inconsistencies, they're resilient enough to cope up with the situation and that's why they've been rated 4 stars out 5 for being good for first time dog parents.
  • Sensitivity level: These little dogs are more sensitive than other dog breeds and any chaotic environment could affect them emotionally. They have a high sensitivity level of 4 stars out 5.
  • Tolerates being left alone: Pomeranians have an outgoing, friendly and playful personality but don't like being left alone. They hold 1 star out 5 meaning that leaving them alone for long will make them anxious and destructive. They have a deep loud bark which you don't wanna hear since it can be hard to calm down an annoyed Pomeranian puppy.
  • Tolerates cold weather: They have an overcoat that's straight, shiny, and coarse which protects them from cold climates. They have an average tolerance of 4 stars out of 5 when it comes to cold weather.
  • Tolerates hot weather: These dog breeds are vulnerable to overheating and hold only 2 stars out of 5 in regard to their tolerance to hot weather. They have short noses and a thick coat that makes them sweat excessively in hot climatic conditions.



2. All-Around Friendliness



With an overall 3 stars out of 5 all-round friendliness, Pomeranians are somewhat friendly to people around them. One downfall about their affection is that they're not very friendly with children and other pets. Shaping them to be loving dogs will take you time but when you get it right, youll always want to see them around children.


Here's a detailed overview of why they've been given 3 stars for this attribute:

  • Affectionate with family: Want a family loving dog? Pomeranians should be your choice. These dogs value each and every person who takes part in raising them and hold 5 stars out of 5 for being family amiable dogs.
  • Kid friendly: They are not kid friendly dogs because they are small and fragile -kids could injure them when playing. However, their attitude towards kids is not hostile as long as they're introduced to them in a friendly manner. Again, kids need to understand how fragile they are so that they don't engage in dangerou activities. They have 2 stars out of 5 for this character.
  • Dog friendly: Pomeranians are not sociable with other dogs as you would have thought and possess only 2 stars out 5. They can be defensive and dominant when around other dogs. When he feels uncomfortable, they might show some of the worst canine social traits.
  • Friendly toward strangers: These Pomeranian dog breeds have moderate affection of 3 stars out 5 towards strangers. Sometimes they might greet visitors with jiggling tails and sometimes they'd become hostile and protective. Whichever the case, he should be on a leash when in public places because they tend to be suspicious around strangers.



3. Health And Grooming Needs




Pomeranians are generally sturdy, healthy dogs with moderate grooming needs. When their health and grooming needs are combined, they score an average of 3 stars out of 5.


Here are more attributes regarding their health and grooming needs:


  • Amount of shedding: These are one of the hairiest breeds with a high shedding ability of 4 stars out of 5. They don't need excessive grooming but grooming them twice or thrice a week will help keep their hair in shape.
  • Drooling potential: Are you a neatnik? Pomeranian dogs are your perfect match because they're low droolers with a drooling rating of 1 star out of 5. You don't have to worry about getting white spots of slobber on your clothes.
  • Easy to groom: They need grooming three times a week to keep their hair in good condition. They are easy to maintain hence the 3 stars out of 5 rating.
  • General health: They're average healthy dogs holding 3 stars out of 5. All dogs are prone to several genetic ailments and Pomeranian dog breeds are not left out. 
  • Potential for weight gain: Pomeranians have a hearty appetite and gain weight very easily. They've been rated at 4 stars out of five for this attribute. For that case, you need to control how much they eat and exercise them to maintain their mass.
  • Size: They are among the smallest poochs with 1 star when it comes to their size. Size is a crucial factor when deciding whether a certain dog breed is fit to live in the space you have or not.



4. Trainability



These dogs tend to be moderately easy to train. They have been rated at 3 stars out of 5 for their compliance to commands.


A dog who is less receptive to commands can be difficult to raise since it will be operating under its own terms. Of course you don't want that.

Take a look at the following characteristics and see what areas you should major your training:


  • Easy to train: With a rating of 4 stars out of 5, Pomeranian puppies are generally easy to train. 
  • Intelligence: These dogs are very intelligent with a rating of 4 stars out of 5. They love learning new tricks and making decisions on their own.
  • Potential for mouthiness: They have a low potential to mouthiness of 2 stars out of 5 however, training should be done early for them to differentiate between a soft nip and a painful one.
  • Tendency to bark or howl: Since these dogs are very suspicious around strangers and other pets, they bark a lot and hold 5 stars out of 5 for this character.
  • Prey drive: They have a low impulse to chase and catch prey and have a 2 star rating with regard to prey drive. It is crucial too that you be extra careful when you're out for walks with him because it can still pursue small animals and cats.
  • Wanderlust potential: They love being around owners and so they have a minimum wanderlust potential of 1 star out of 5.



5. Physical Needs



These are energetic and active dog breeds who require regular exercise but not too much of it.

They stand at 3 stars out of 5 for their physical needs.


Here are more attributes that sum up to this 3-star rating:

  • Energy level: They have a moderate energy level of 3 stars out of 5. They need to be actively involved in activities in order to utilize their energy else they'll use it to do annoying activities like digging or chewing.
  • Intensity: They are less aggressive compared to other dog breeds like Dachshunds. For that case, they hold 2 stars out 5 for being less vigorous dog breeds.
  • Exercise needs: They require little exercises to keep them fit and healthy. Holding only 2 stars out 5 for their exercise needs, they should not be subjected to physically demanding jobs like hunting.
  • Potential for playfulness: Most dogs, even in their adult stages act like perpetual puppies -always asking for a game. Pomeranian dogs are in that category with 3 stars out of 5.



Important Stats You Should Know About Pomeranian Dogs




Dog Breed Group/Purpose

Companion Dogs


Intelligent, Socable, Active, Playful, Friendly and Extroverted

Coat Length

Long, Double Coat

Average Height

18 Centimeters to 30.5 Centimeters

Weight Range

1.4 Kg to  3.2 Kg

Life Expectancy

12-16 Years

Exercise Requirements

30 to 40 Minutes

Social/Attention Needs


Overall Grooming Needs

Moderately High



More Fun Facts About Pomeranian Breeds



  • They are sometimes called Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Pom or Loulou.

  • They're small in size weighing to a maximum of 3.2Kg but have the personality of Texas and Great Danes.

  • Among the Spitz family (Samoyed, Norwegian Elkhound, Alaskan Malamute), Poms are the smallest.

  • They're intelligent and loyal to the owners.

  • They tend to be curious about strangers and could attack even larger dogs.

  • Poms don't relate very well with other dogs but when early socialization is done, they get along quite well.

  • They come in a variety of colors starting from white, brown, cream, blue, or black.

  • They have a loud and deep bark making them great watchdogs. Training is needed to teach them when to stop barking.

  • If you don't have a backyard, worry no more. They're excellent apartment dogs.

  • These dogs can take over the home if you don't let them understand that you're at the top of the chain of command.

  • They can be difficult to housetrain and so crate training will be necessary.

  • They're not good for young children so you'll need to supervise any interactions.

  •  Never leave them outside by themselves if there're predatory birds and animals in your area. They can be perceived as prey by hawks, coyotes and other wild animals because theyre pretty small.




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Pomeranian Puppies


Affectionately known as Poms, the Pomeranian is a feisty, fox-faced 'toy' dog breed, that once descended from large sled dogs. These compact firecrackers are named after the German providence, Pomerania. With ancestors raised for the rough and tumble of the harsh alpine snow landscape, Poms are bold dogs and mostly have minds of their own.

Highly active with a lot of energy, they enjoy going for walks but don't need a backyard, so they are great for apartment or unit-style living. Their dusky, almond-shaped eyes observe with intellect, the lavish ruff around their neck and chest protrudes a thick double coat and their definitive tail drifts effortlessly aloft. Despite their plush look, maintaining their appearance really only requires regular brushing. This breed is very attentive, aware and inquisitive and, with a loud yap, they make excellent watchdogs. Their loyalty is faultless and, emanating a furry charm, they respond to consistent, firm training. Your Pom may even surprise you and take to learning some tricks!

While these pets aren't recommended for families with small children who may cause accidental harm to their delicate frame, Pomeranians are excellent companions for older people and those who manage a hectic lifestyle, as they aren't particularly dependent. The variety of possible Pom colours is vast, so this puppy is perfectly customisable to you and your home!


Teacup Pomeranian


Much like mini Chihuahuas, the so-called 'teacup' strain of the Pomeranian breed is just as loveable and equally miniature. This tiny pet is not actually a different breed of pup; it is merely a product of the mating between the two smallest Poms in the litter. Many of these dogs could fit in the palm of your hand so their teeny structure needs a lot of tender, loving care. These little gems provide all the adorable features of the larger Pomeranian jam-packed inside an even teensier teacup-sized package.


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